Two basic purposes inform any philosophical proposal:
Self assertion, or, intention toward or upon phenomena.
Tool being, or, intentionality of real things
These represent the only two orientations upon objects that can arise in or as ￼knowledge￼.
They must answer to Laruelle’s non-philosophical proposal of the unilateral duality, Or they always suffer from The first orientation, that is, ￼human self assertion￼￼￼￼.
With any philosophy, thus, the first question that must be answered honestly is: for what purpose is the proposal?￼￼
It is from this first proposal, which is really a first philosophy which Arises before Aristotle’s first philosophy, which gives substance to religious offense.
This is to say that most often the answer will attempt to defend itself against the initial offense, which is, that self-assertion is taken as the ubiquitous and only manner that human beings may engage in philosophy. But as well, that this conventional way of philosophy also engages with the real world, as there is only one real world. ￼￼￼
This is the offense. This is the inherent blame put off from One Self onto another, into the community, which then gives rise to the basic Western questions upon principles that Plato addresses, such as Beauty, Justice, etc.￼.￼￼￼ ￼
To be human philosophically without addressing oneself or answering to these “first philosophies” (which we find are actually “post-philosophies”) is considered to be not human, or unethical. Axiomatically contradictory to the conventional method by which all knowledge is posited.￼
According to the conventional approach to philosophy, we are not allowed to make any proposals which are not, in essence, ethical; this is to say, philosophical proposals must justify themselves to the given common whole of humanity which is oriented upon self assertion ( intention towards) ￼as the basis for the human being in the universe. ￼￼
We thus begin to understand what Kierkegaard is entertaining in his works.
This is to say, that The regular mode of being human in the world that is ￼Self assertion is based upon a deontological premise. This premise has no basis but suspension of knowledge. ￼
Hence also, as I have said in my book “the moment of decisive significance”, we find the true meaning of Kierkegaard’s work when we turn the conventional notion of faith on its head. ￼￼￼