There is a kind of therapeutic intervention, or philosophical manner which describes how or why the therapeutic intervention should have its foundations.
It is called, for lack of a better term, the “noticing self”. What it asks of someone who has an issue is for them to sit and be mindful or aware of what is occurring. For example, one finds a comfortable way of sitting or standing or whatever, and then soon notices the sound of a jet flying over to the left and above. Crickets chirp Ahead and to the right; the small clicking of a dogs paws on the cement. The tug on one’s arm and the various muscle groups extending through that arm and into the back and in the body… etc… whatever it is, the person is asked to just point their attention to these things that are occurring in various ways.
Thoughts going through one’s mind might eventually come forward into awareness. The thoughts about the sound of the plane, thinking about the dog’s small clicking paws on the cement, etc.
The ideas that go through the person’s head about the things that are in awareness become things that are no different than those other things, so far as they enter the field of awareness.
People tend to associate themselves, their issues, their problems, their identity, their persona, their humanness, their being, their souls, etc. as indeed one with one’s thinking and thoughts about such matters. Hence the difficulty of mental illness, hence the difficulty of attempting to try and help someone that might have a mental issue — any problematic mental occurrence really, whether it has to do with thinking in particular or one’s actions that may or may not stem from thinking but it least concern the fact that one might be thinking about it.
So there is a particular type of therapeutic intervention called the “noticing self”. And what a “noticing self” is is an awareness of one’s thoughts. And the actual intervention is for a person to see or comprehend the possibility that there is something else that is noticing these things, something that is noticing the thoughts that is not exactly thinking.
I might postulate in reflection to Agent Swarm‘s post is that what is stable or unshakable is indeed this noticing self. The noticing self does not change under all these other conditions that are noticed. But indeed the noticing self only changes under these conditions when one understands the noticing self as a condition of these aspects that it notices. The noticing self does not change, but to speak precisely, if the noticing self changes then there is no noticing self. These are two mutually exclusive situations, not one situation that must reduce to one or the other.
Philosophically speaking, there is nothing that a therapist can do, or a philosopher, to get a person to realize or understand what this noticing self might be. In fact there is no amount of talking or guided visualization or analogy or descriptive philosophy or argumentation that can make a person recognize this noticing self. And because this is the case, one is only left to say that indeed there are two situations, at least, of being human.
It is not so much that such people are incapable of noticing or are simply not noticing something that is inherently common of being human. Rather, because, say, the therapist understands it self in the context of a noticing self, the unshakability of the therapist, with regards to this noticing self and as involves the relationship and interaction, allows that person with a mental issue the contingency available to them as truly having no self that can be noticed outside of the conditions which are those things that thought is attached to. The interaction can occur because there indeed is a differential in ontological bases.
Two Routes is not about a reductive ontology but is indeed about an effective and functioning teleology. One that recognizes difference as indeed different.